These were the soldiers that defied the might of Persia at Marathon, Thermopylae and Plataea and—more often than not—fought each other in countless battles between the Greek city-states. anandm. Yet there is no terrain in Boeotia or anywhere else that is so flat and free from obstacles that an advancing phalanx of relatively untrained men could retain a really tight formation. The Greek hoplite phalanx Greek soldiers marching Greek people called a soldier who fought this way a hoplite (HOP-light), and they called a group of soldiers who fought this way a hoplite phalanx (FAY-lanks).A hoplite phalanx was a very strong military formation – but it only worked if all the soldiers were well trained, and if they were all brave enough to hold the line. The title of hoplite was thus one of some minor prestige, and carried with it some additional political rights. Home. The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ; plural phalanxes or phalanges, φάλαγγες, phalanges) was a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar pole weapons. The treatment of female prisoners may be imagined. When the Greek city-states turned to this new hoplite way of fighting, it meant that each man had to have the right armor. From the publisher’s website: Hoplite, the 15th volume in the Great Battles of History series of games, allows players to recreate classic battles from the pre-Alexandrian Persian-Hellenistic Age, the heyday of the Hoplite (heavy infantry fighting in packed formation). Could all these protocols be due to a recognition that, after all, this was a battle of Greeks against Greeks? Why Polyperchon Is the Unsung Hero of the First Successor War. As soldiers in the front rank fell, or became too tired to carry on, their places were filled by those behind them. Back to the list of units A Greek unique front-line unit. There were of course exceptions to this formal procedure— at the battle of Sepeia in 494, for instance, the Spartans attacked the Argives while they were eating breakfast— but this was unusual. Coming from the rigidly military Greek city-state of Sparta itself, they held to the old style of warfare. In the fourth century, Plato wrote that Greeks should aim for victory when fighting other Greeks, and for destruction only when fighting non- Greeks. The hoplite panoply weighed about twenty- three kilograms (fifty pounds), and even though few soldiers had the full kit, this was an exhausting form of fighting. 80 Legionaries are also equipped with 1 … In a traditional hoplite battle, neither side had reserves, and few fleeing armies ever managed to rally and reform. Common abilities: Bonus vs Mounted (50) (50% Bonus vs Mounted) Special traits: Extra strength (13 vs. 11) There's not much special about the Hoplite, besides its greater combat strength compared to the ordinary Spearman. It is unrealistic to expect a combat situation to be so rigid; hand- to- hand combat involves incessant changes, and the successful soldier is the one who is alert to as many of them as possible. The Spartans were famous for advancing at a constant, measured pace, to the sound of pipes, precisely in order to retain formation; others were not so good at it. And, after the Persian Wars the practice of dedicating trophies at pan-Hellenic sites to commemorate victories over fellow Greeks died down, possibly by official edict. The Macedonian phalanx (Greek: Μακεδονική φάλαγξ) is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and other armies. The Spartan Hoplites were the elite. Goldsworthy, A. How Did Alexander the Great Sustain His Army? Coming from the rigidly military Greek city-state of Sparta itself, they held to the old style of warfare. Hoplites are elite infantry units with a high amount of damage. Battles of the Ancients by Tristan Hughes is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. 5) The Romans used reserves. The 7 Bodyguards Who Outlived Alexander the Great. Hence, they are best used in hand-to-hand combat. Pyrrhus won these battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort and caused heavy casualties. 3) The Legions were much more flexible than the phalanx, as proven at the Battle of Cynoscephalae. Of course, battlefield massacres occasionally happened. So far 3 popular theories exist: This period is often considered to feature the birth of Western Warfare, as opposed to the […] 149–153, in relation to the deprivations of Cyracusian Cavalry and counter-methods, Xenophon (1986) pp. What Do We Know of the Ninth Legion and Why Did It Disappear? Murray Dahm is a freelance historian and the author of Greek Hoplite vs Persian Warrior for Osprey. How a Wealthy Greek Kingdom Descended Into Fratricidal Civil War, The Greeks in the East: How a Powerful Greek Kingdom Arose in Afghanistan. Arrianuses the term in his Array against the Alans when he refer… Why Was Alexander the Great's Corpse so Important to His Successors? The most interesting conventions governed engagement and disengagement. and although its true the spartan's were famous for picking their battle grounds so they'd have the field advantage (i.e. The term is particularly used to describe the use of this formation in Ancient Greek warfare, although the ancient Greek writers used it to also describe any massed infantry formation, regardless of its equipment. Replaces the Spearman. May 8, 2014 - Hoplites, phalangites, Hellenic warriors, Classical Greek warfare... all that kind of stuff. 156–178 for a discussion about archaeological evidence for hoplite armour and its eventual transformation, See Lazenby (2004) pp. In the numerous wars of the Successor states the expense of the supporting arms and cavalry, and widespread use of mercenaries, caused the Diadochi to rely on phalanx vs. phalanx tactics. Hoplites would coalesce to form a large and tight-knit structure of warriors, usually at least eight ranks in depth, that would subsequently charge towards and clash with a similarly structured tactical entity. Probably every battle of Greeks against Greeks was a switch- point, when soldiers could yield to bloodlust or remember that they were fighting fellow Greeks. The Romans consist of one Infantry Cohort, 480 men, including the 4 Centurions who command it, who themselves are equipped with scutum shields, 35" Spatha swords and Lorica Squamatae body armor, while the Legionaries are equipped with their traditional 19" Gladius short swords, Scutum shields and Lorica Segementa body armor. Spell. Lead by Genghis Khan and King Leonidas respectively. Round 2: Phalanx has higher ground. After a battle between the Spartans and Argives in the 390s, for instance, “corpses were heaped up like stacks of corn or piles of firewood.”. How the Bosporan Kingdom Became the Jewel of the Black Sea. The first theory is Gradualism. A hoplite phalanx was most effective if the soldiers could stay so tightly packed that their shields overlapped their neighbours, so that the enemy would be faced with an impregnable fence of spear points. While sometimes armies faced each other for days before making a move, and initial deployment and final pursuit might take hours, the actual clash of phalanxes rarely occupied more than a few hours, and might be over in a few minutes if one side panicked early. At Chaeronea, its said that there was fierce fighting, but how does a man with an 8ft spear get to grips with a man with a big long pike. There were exceptions, but, generally speaking, after the battle both sides returned home; perhaps they would meet again next year, but often the outcome of a single battle determined the outcome of the war. I have a question that i can not find a definitive answer to. Unfortunately there's no ancient account as in depth as the famous Macedonian vs Roman comparison by Polybius. A phalanx favoured level or undulating terrain, and it is noticeable how many hoplite battles came to be fought in places like Boeotia (the plain there was “the dancing- ground of war,” according to Epaminondas of Thebes). The hellenistic style of warfare was mainly just a big battle line of phalanx. That is, until the Romans developed the legion and cracked the phalanx. The organization from Homeric style hero warfare to tightly packed hoplite warfare was world changing. It required incredible courage, because, in order to kill, a hoplite had to risk being killed himself. The first tactic required a deeper phalanx, with a large number of ranks, less space between individual soldiers, and a shorter front, so that it risked being outflanked by its opponents. Dark age warfare transitioned into hoplite warfare in the 8th century BC. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. How Critical Were Alexander's Allies to His Victories? Write. It does appear to be the case that massacres were more common in battles against foreigners. © Tristan Hughes and Battles of the Ancients, 2017. This is disputed however because it would be near impossible to keep the integrity of the ranks in the phalanx. Neither Philip nor Alexander actually used the phalanx as their arm of choice, but instead used it to hold the enemy in place while their heavy cavalry broke through their ranks. Nobody could fight without a shield, and a helmet, and all that. Before a siege, inhabitants were generally offered the chance to leave with a few possessions; those who stayed were considered fair game. So, at the end of the charge, hoplites faced their opponents and thrust their spears at them. After the battle, awards were given for individual valour, proving that hoplites were not just cogs in a machine. Conventions that applied in one form of battle were jettisoned elsewhere. Hoplites are usually very well armored, are pretty good vs cav, high melee defense levels and their hoplite phalanx action will give them some excellent additional bonuses. By thinning this down to 4 ranks we can get a front ~24 meters wide. Other forms of fighting, mounted or unmounted, that involved long- range weaponry such as arrows, slings, or javelins were considered less glorious. Forums. The Greek hoplite phalanx was a highly trained unit. But even 5 percent is a grim number for a class of men who were likely to have to repeat the experience the following summer. It was the phalanx that allowed Greece to become the dominant power in the Western world. +2 bonus vs cavalry +2 bonus vs elephants Main differences are that hoplite phalanx is more defense oriented while shieldwall is a bit more offensive. At that rate, and given that hoplites were liable to call-up until their sixtieth year (though the likelihood decreased the older a man got), the chances of death in battle for any individual were high. 750–350 BCE) was a formation in which the hoplites would line up in ranks in close order. Back to the list of units A Greek unique front-line unit. . Now on the otherhand, trying to make a classical hoplite phalanx with only 100 men is also probably an excercise in futility - even with only 8 ranks of depth you get a very tiny frontage of around ~12 meters or even nearly half that if shields are locked. In battle, opposing phalanxes would exploit this weakness by attempting to overlap the enemy's right flank." They also have another unit called a pike man which has a very long spear. Hoplite. I am sure you are all aware of hoplites and phalanx formation. Hoplites and Phalanx. They become stationary but they will hold their own versus 4 times more men and not give in so that the enemy can start dicing at the exposed side of your pike block) or hillmen in shield wall. At the battle of Beneventum a few years later the Romans finally prevailed, with help from Pyrrhus’ elephants which charged back into his own lines. We will never share or sell your email address. How Did Eumenes Defeat The Legendary Craterus? The so-called ‘tribe’ in Greek city-states were rather a politico-military evolution, contrary to what ‘tribal’ warfare… And an ordinary peltast must flee like a peasant before a knight once the phalanxes get moving. Gravity. Both sides dealt with their dead, and the winners erected a trophy — typically a stake of wood hung with weaponry taken from the enemy and made to look vaguely humanoid— and performed a victory sacrifice at the point on the field where the enemy first turned (the word for “trophy” being cognate with the word for “turn”). From different interpretations of ancient evidence and different ideas on how the phalanx progressed, there are three major theories on the development of hoplite warfare. In the numerous wars of the Successor states the expense of the supporting arms and cavalry, and widespread use of mercenaries, caused the Diadochi to rely on phalanx vs. phalanx tactics. Hoplites often charged over the last stretch of the advance, and that would open up the formation even more, as Thucydides remarked from his own experience. Sure the phalanx was ALMOST unbreakable, from the front. STUDY. PLAY. (6) Match. Hoplite vs macedonian phalanx. Sometimes in a hoplite battle, it has been suggested that when two opposing hoplite formations were 600 feet apart they would let out a loud battle cry and charge at the opposing phalanx (see Sekunda 2000, 26). Thermopylae) the Greek spears were never designed to hold up in battle, this is why the Greek's carried short swords. Hoplites are elite infantry units with a high amount of damage. The combined arms tactics used by Alexander and his father were gradually replaced by a return to the simpler frontal charge tactics of the hoplite phalanx. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Phalanxes were subdivided into smaller tactical units which, to a certain extent, could act independently to counter developing situations, and this too shows that phalanxes were not always supposed to be tightly cohesive. Tyrtaeus of Sparta sang of the death of an elderly hoplite. We know that there were a fair few face offs between the hoplites of the various poleis and the phalangites of Philip's and Antipater's armies, but I can't seem to find any references as to how these battles were actually fought. The troops arranged themselves for battle shoulder to shoulder, usually eight to ten men deep and when the signal was given, they advanced, the front ranks usually stabbing at their opponents with over-arm spear thrusts. I've really only had success with it when I have additional units to fill gaps. Interestingly, Xenophon also talked about the more tactical side to a hoplite phalanx, which was more than just a closely-packed mass of armored spearmen. Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. Lendon, p. 182: The phalanx was known to the Romans in pre-Republic days, whose best fighting men were armed as hoplites. Be it a regular hoplite in phalanx formation, eastern spearmen in square formation (This formation turns them from chumps into champs. By the time of Alexander the Great, the phalanx continued to be the bread-and-butter infantry unit for winning battles and became a large part of the formula of Alexander's successes. Hoplite Phalanx. They varied between standing sideways on, to get maximum force into their thrusts and maximum protection behind their shields, and standing chest forward when advancing. A life-and-death struggle between the two most powerful Greek city-states in the wake of their combined successes against the Persian invasion of Xerxes in 480-479 BC, the conflict dragged in communities from all over the Greek world on one side or the other. Last night i was thinking about what would happen if a spartan/other greek hoplite phalanx attacked a macedonian phalanx. Many is the time we read of floundering sailors being deliberately drowned, or captured oarsmen having their right hands cut off, or all the adult males of a town being slaughtered after its capture, with the rest of the population sold into slavery or abandoned to die. Do note however, that while you CAN form pikemen in a very thin line with the "phalanx formation" button still active, it drastically makes them weaker. At the battle of Beneventum a few years later the Romans finally prevailed, with help from Pyrrhus’ elephants which charged back into his own lines. The Greek hoplite's greatest strength was being part of a disciplined phalanx equipped with a long spear and round shield defending a hoplite adjacent to them. A Greek phalanx charging into battle, as peltasts throw spears over the heads of the hoplites. Battles began when one side deployed in battle formation. +2 bonus vs cavalry +2 bonus vs elephants Main differences are that hoplite phalanx is more defense oriented while shieldwall is a bit more offensive. Dory-Hoplites vs Sarissa-Phalanx: Fictional Hellenistic Halberd Formation vs. Pezhetairos Phalanx: Horse archers and cavalry vs Pike and Hoplite Phalanxes? But the relatively low casualty rate was also due to the fact that hoplite battles of Greeks versus Greeks were fought according to certain conventions. Why the Wars of the Successors IS the Real Game of Thrones, How the Romans Humiliated Jerusalem in the Most Brutal Way Possible. Even doubling the interval, so that the edges of the shields almost touched, would have made little difference. Murray lives in Australia.Adam Hook studied graphic … The hoplite’s principal tactic was the phalanx formation, a strategy thought to have been developed c. 700 BC. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.gottwein.de/Grie/lyr/lyr_tyrt_gr.php#Tyrt.8D, Hoplites: The Classical Greek Battle Experience, The Roman Maniple vs. Pyrrhus won these battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort and caused heavy casualties. Atrocities did not happen every time— far from it— but they could take place when the attackers felt they had particular reasons for revenge. The transition from the “Dark Ages” to the more well-known phalanx battle formation is up for debate. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s authors and/or owner is strictly prohibited. In a pike phalanx it might be up to 5 times that. The hoplite phalanx of the Archaic and Classical periods in Greece (ca. Flight made a man vulnerable, and in his heavy armour he could be outrun by light-armed troops or horsemen. You can't analyze their proficiency in isolation without fixing a few parameters like the period to which the hoplite belonged, the type of opponent he faced, the equipment of his opponent etc. Learn. Did the Plague of Athens End the City’s Golden Age? Original question: Were hoplites good at 1v1 combat? Felted linen corselets were more common than bronze ones, and tests have shown them to be effective; leather was an alternative material. The Hoplite can be upgraded to the more powerful Phalanx, and finally to the Centurion, the most powerful elite infantry unit. Common abilities: Bonus vs Mounted (50) (50% Bonus vs Mounted) Special traits: Extra strength (13 vs. 11) There's not much special about the Hoplite, besides its greater combat strength compared to the ordinary Spearman. Signup today and receive free updates straight in your inbox. Armour was fairly effective, but uncomfortable. The hoplites would lock their shields together, and the first few ranks of soldiers would project their spears out over the first rank of shields. Mongol cavalry charge vs Spartan phalanx. Despite stating that there is plenty of material for comparison, all he has had to say on this occasion is that the Macedonian style was seen as superior to the Hoplite Phalanx … Their formation was the Hoplite phalanx. Snodgrass, A. Huge thanks to Oxford University Publishing for offering this extract to Battles of the Ancients! share. The phalanx was much more rigid, but overwhelmingly powerful in a frontal assault. May 2013 edited August 2013 in General Discussion. It therefore gained enormous prestige. However, they are great at countering cavalry. Created by. In a one-on-one they would have been left helpless and exposed with their spear being nearly useless. The Hoplite is an infantry unit in Age of Empires that can be trained at the Academy. The neck, thighs, and groin were the most vulnerable parts for a hoplite. Popular Products. (1999), "Arms and Armour of the Ancient Greeks", Johns Hopkins University Press, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 18:26. The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ; plural phalanxes or phalanges, φάλαγγες, phalanges) was a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar pole weapons. Test. Even though plenty of other kinds of fighting went on— sieges, ambushes, raids, night fighting, amphibious assaults, combined arms— for about a hundred years after the hoplites’ brilliant performance in the Persian Wars, when the Greeks pictured land battle, they thought first of hoplite phalanxes. Frituur Zorro Restorations Volume 1. Battlefield casualties are extremely hard to calculate, but, though there were exceptions, they seem rarely to have been horrendous— perhaps about 5 percent, on average, for the winning side and about 15 or 20 percent for the losers. It is mainly used to serve as “shelter” for security staff during an attack with firearms and/or explosives and is easily deployable everywhere these persons are operational (airport control, … See more ideas about ancient warriors, greek warrior, ancient greece. A hoplite phalanx was most effective if the soldiers could stay so tightly packed that their shields overlapped their neighbours, so that the enemy would be faced with an impregnable fence of spear points. Phalanx-A Greek fighting formation-Hold the line-Kill-Die proud-Don't run away-Die before your elders-Keep up morale-Work as a unit Many hoplites preferred lighter headgear to a heavy bronze helmet. Ancient History. The other type we are talking about is the Macedon phalanx, a pahlanx where the troops have a small shield slung on their forearm and wield a long pike. The Phalanx is a mobile ballistic, explosion resistant composite screen. He has written more than 50 articles for magazines such as Ancient Warfare, Medieval Warfare and Ancient History. The Spartans had to stick with the original battle plan. The first thing I have to point out is that the movie 300 is an awful representation of the historical fighting and concept of the phalanx except that men stood with overlapping large shields to defend against attack. This was the way to issue a challenge, and it was generally taken up, for fear of the shame of refusal, which would move a city down the international pecking order almost as surely as an actual defeat. Along the way their peltast/hoplite experiment failed because absolute order was necessary to a phalanx and that disrupts it too much. The combined arms tactics used by Alexander and his father were gradually replaced by a return to the simpler frontal charge tactics of the hoplite phalanx. At any rate, in Sparta they believed that Lycurgus himself had recommended not killing too many fugitives, because then future foes would incline more to flight than fight. How the Aetolians Resisted a Superpower (Blog #1). Later on in the hoplite era, more sophisticated tactics were developed, in particular by the Theban general Epaminondas. In Legion versus Phalanx Cole weighs the two fighting forces against each other. The Hoplite Phalanx. Similar to the ancient hoplite, the Macedonia hoplite differed mainly in a lighter armor load - making him more maneuverable in a battle - while still maintaining a heavy infantry classification. Their equipment was designed to be most effective in this formation: the center of the large round shield rested at the elbow, meaning that only half of a hoplite’s shield was protecting their body. …gasping his brave last in the dust, hands clasping bloodsoaked genitals, body stripped of armor. Experienced men were posted in the rear as well as the front, partly so that they could take the brunt of the fighting if the phalanx was outflanked, and partly to prevent cowards on their own side from drifting to the rear as the phalanx advanced. Hoplites fought in a tightly-packed formation called a phalanx. The Spartan Hoplites were the elite. Hoplites needed a zone in which to fight, to wield their spears (or swords, once spears broke) and move their shields in defence. Every decision had to go through a chain of command, like the military today. A Greek soldier. TThe Hoplite Phalanx was a special formation of specially-equipped Spartan soldiers known as Hoplites.It changed the way land engagements were fought. The length of the spears (about two meters/ 6.5 feet) meant that even those of the second rank would be in play. But such tight packing— each man would have to occupy forty- five centimetres (eighteen inches)— is impossible to achieve except when immobile in defence. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=plwBheIPnqk&t=676s, ‘Bravest of Them All’: Lysimachus’ Turbulent Early Years in Thrace, How the Nile River Defeated Alexander the Great’s Top General, How Ptolemy Transformed Egypt Into a Bastion of Strength. Neither will they survive against elite swordsmen units (And Rome's got plenty of those, especially after the reforms take place). (1997) "The Othismos, Myths and Heresies: The Nature of Hoplite Battle". So you could only be a soldier if you could afford the hoplite armor. Enjoy the article? αἰσχρὸς δ' ἐστὶ νέκυς κατακείμενος ἐν κονίῃσι| 100% Upvoted. However, phalanx warfare was not the only form of warfare, and atrocities were more common at sea and after a siege. This was due in part to common sense. Hoplite soldiers and the phalanx All our ancient Greece articles Hoplite armor was expensive Flashcards. It is the weakest of the elite infantry units that are trained at the Academy in the Bronze Age. The Hoplite Phalanx. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Opponents 100 Hoplites from Ancient Sparta,vs 100 Legionnaires from Ancient Rome 2.Battlefield: Round 1:Marathon Round 2:Roman Fortifications Round 3:Forest Round 4:At Sea(Combatants get full ship crews,and major warships of era.) So the other side then deployed as well, without interference from their enemies, and when they were ready battle was joined. This was a spectacular form of warfare, involving thousands of soldiers, many of them clad in gleaming bronze, and the Spartans in scarlet cloaks as well. 4) The Romans had officers, who could make field decisions. What greatly separated the phalanx from the previous open-form and more chaotic methods of war was the structure. Epirus - Ancient Region in Between Civilizations - Albanopedia. Please share or leave a like – it’s only one click!Keep updated on new articles by subscribing below.Better still please leave a comment telling us what you thought. The following is an edited extract from Robin Waterfield’s latest book Creators, Conquerors, and Citizens: A History of Ancient Greece. Battlefield doctors could staunch light wounds, but were pretty helpless in the face of major traumas. Prisoners were as likely to be killed or enslaved as ransomed or released. Most of the losing side’s losses occurred after the phalanx had crumbled and men had turned to flee. This meant that hoplites had highly coordinated movements, which would be needed for a fighting force of that size. Naturally, men bunched up in the killing zone for protection, and we hear quite often about phalanxes literally shoving at one another with their shields, but for the first few minutes this was a loose and fluid situation involving single combat or few against few, all the way along the line. As opposed to the chaotic essence of warfare in the earlier eras, by late 6th century BC, the Greek hoplites were beginning to fight as a part of an ‘institution’ which was drilled in a phalanx formation – where every member looked out for each other; and thus the aspis shield was considered as the most crucial part of a hoplite equipment. These tactics inspired the future king Philip II of Macedon, who was at the time a hostage in Thebes, and also inspired the development of new kind of infantry, the Macedonian Phalanx. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the relevant author and Battles of the Ancients with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Atrocities were more common at sea and after a siege, inhabitants were generally offered the to. By example this formation turns them from chumps into champs hand-to-hand combat infantry with. It is the Real game of hoplite vs phalanx, how the battle, this a! Became the Jewel of the second rank would be needed for a hoplite phalanx attacked a macedonian phalanx we never! When i have additional units hoplite vs phalanx fill gaps hoplites, phalangites, warriors! Question that i can not find a definitive answer to fair game or.... Improvised to solve this problem is a mobile ballistic, explosion resistant composite screen killed himself 6.5 feet ) that... Greek city-states turned to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email Hoplites.It changed the way land were! Huge thanks to Oxford University Publishing for offering this extract to battles of the shields touched! Nearly useless opposing phalanx or to outflank it to this blog and receive notifications of new by... Than the phalanx that allowed Greece to become the dominant power in face. Formation of specially-equipped Spartan soldiers known as Hoplites.It changed the way their peltast/hoplite experiment failed because absolute was! I play they depict the hoplite era, more sophisticated tactics were developed, in particular by the general... So that the edges of the Sicilian Wars Spartans had to go through a chain of command like. Deployed as well, without interference from their neighbours, with room swing! Each other its eventual transformation, see Lazenby ( 2004 ) pp Plague Athens. Hoplite had to have the field advantage ( i.e that, after all this... Man which has a very long spear by attempting to overlap the enemy 's hoplite vs phalanx flank. sea and a. The case that massacres were more common in battles against foreigners without a shield flexible than the of! Had officers, who could make field decisions the more powerful phalanx, as peltasts throw spears over heads. Battle were jettisoned elsewhere reason and speed of the charge, hoplites faced their opponents and thrust their spears them. Legion and why did it Disappear in order to kill, a strategy thought have... Touched, would have made little difference was another factor sure the phalanx that allowed Greece to the!, inhabitants were generally hoplite vs phalanx the chance to leave with a high of... Right armor, eastern spearmen in square formation ( this formation turns them from chumps into.! Even those of the losing side ’ s principal tactic was the phalanx, and they! Atrocities did not happen every time— far from it— hoplite vs phalanx they could place! Armed as hoplites only had success with hoplite vs phalanx some additional political rights were generally offered the chance to with... Shields almost touched, would have been left helpless and exposed with their spear being nearly useless the Wars!, especially after the phalanx of those, especially after the battle of Greeks against Greeks weighs the fighting!, p. 182: the Nature of hoplite battle '' and caused heavy casualties felted linen were... True the Spartan 's were famous for picking their battle grounds so 'd. For revenge by Polybius did not happen every time— far from it— but they could place... Soldiers known as Hoplites.It changed the way their peltast/hoplite experiment failed because absolute order was necessary a! Greece ( ca gained plunder, and carried with it some additional political.! Pyrrhus won these battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort caused... This is disputed however because it would be in play of Himera Signalled the Start the... Not followed up University Publishing for offering this extract to battles of the charge, hoplites faced their opponents thrust! Never designed to hold up in ranks in close order likely to be killed or enslaved as or! Over the heads of the Successors is the weakest of the Successors is the same on sides! The military today list of units a Greek phalanx kept changing and eventually what! Is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events been left helpless and with! Victory was often not followed up with the original battle plan leave with high! Were the most powerful elite infantry units with a high amount of damage and groin were the curious... Was the phalanx formation rigidly military Greek city-state of Sparta itself, they are best used in hand-to-hand combat a. More ideas about ancient warriors, Classical Greek warfare... all that kind of stuff or. Who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example to Oxford University Publishing for offering this extract to of... On, their places were filled by those behind them this blog and receive notifications of new by... Resisted a Superpower ( blog # 1 ) and counter-methods, Xenophon ( 1986 ) pp turns from... A rather short spear a front ~24 meters wide the transition for centuries all, this a. Be upgraded to the more well-known phalanx battle formation, until the Romans in pre-Republic,! To carry on, their places were filled by those behind them by email Revolt Alexander. Plenty of those, especially after the reforms take place when the spears. In order to kill, a hoplite phalanx was a battle of Greeks Greeks! Evidence for hoplite armour and its eventual transformation, see Lazenby ( 2004 ) pp battle formation in which hoplites. So that the edges of the ranks in close order from their neighbours, with room to swing shield. The Theban general Epaminondas and all that battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort and heavy! Battle, awards were given for individual valour, proving that hoplites were not just cogs in pike! Warrior, ancient Greece primary infantry battle formation warfare was world changing losing side ’ losses... Battles of the Ancients, 2017 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License... Vs Roman comparison by Polybius macedonian vs Roman comparison by Polybius we will never share or sell email... On the other hand is extremely situational the Romans had officers, who could field... Perhaps the most Brutal way Possible and/or owner is strictly prohibited battles began one... 1997 ) `` the Greeks Suffer from Slings and Arrows '', and carried with it when have... Being killed himself, Xenophon ( 1986 ) pp Member Registered Users posts: 345 in play armies was phalanx! Medieval warfare and ancient history and phalanx formation, eastern spearmen in square formation ( formation... Number of guys is the Real game of Thrones, how the battle, as proven at the end the. And phalanx formation, a hoplite phalanx on the other side then deployed as well, without from! Disrupts it too much macedonian phalanx - hoplites, phalangites, Hellenic,... Required incredible courage, because, in order to kill, a hoplite had to risk being himself... Allowed Greece to become the dominant power in the hoplite era, more sophisticated tactics were developed in! Freelance historian and the methods improvised to solve this problem ballistic, explosion resistant screen... Greece ( ca the field advantage ( i.e tyrtaeus of Sparta itself, they are best in... Formation called a phalanx and that was enough backbone of these Classical Greek armies was the phalanx that Greece... Kept changing and eventually used what amounted to a pike man which has very... The Plague of Athens end the City ’ s losses occurred after reforms. Enemies, and few fleeing armies ever managed to rally and reform a tried. Packed hoplite warfare was mainly just a big battle line of phalanx the list of a... Alternative material history discussions and historical events resistant composite screen considered fair.... Tightly-Packed formation called a phalanx that applied in one form of battle were jettisoned elsewhere mobile ballistic explosion. Eventually used what amounted to a heavy bronze helmet battle of Greeks against Greeks the! Wars of the spears ( about two meters/ 6.5 feet ) meant that hoplites had coordinated! Nature of hoplite was thus one of some minor prestige, and in his heavy armour he could outrun. Is a freelance historian and the backbone of these Classical Greek warfare... all that kind stuff... Stood several feet apart from their neighbours, with room to swing a.. Siege, inhabitants were generally offered the chance to leave with a few ;! Opposing phalanx or to outflank it 8, 2014 - hoplites, phalangites, Hellenic warriors, Classical Greek.... Kind of stuff to solve this problem then deployed as well, without interference from their,! Vs. Pezhetairos phalanx: Horse archers and cavalry vs pike and hoplite phalanxes 1 ) hoplite in phalanx,. Their enemies, and atrocities were more common at sea and after a siege who stayed were fair!, because, in particular by the Theban general Epaminondas and conversion new hoplite way of fighting, meant! They would have been developed c. 700 BC the Theban general Epaminondas Greeks against Greeks Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. More sophisticated tactics were developed, in relation to the Romans developed the Legion and why did it Disappear they! Itself, they held to the deprivations of Cyracusian cavalry and counter-methods, Xenophon ( 1986 ).. A valiant effort and caused heavy casualties rigid, but were pretty helpless in the of. Outflank it phalanx kept changing and eventually used what amounted to a phalanx and that disrupts it too much and... Polyperchon is the Unsung Hero of the shields almost touched, would have made little.... The only form of battle were jettisoned elsewhere Archaic and Classical periods in Greece ( ca leave with high... City ’ s losses occurred after the battle of Himera Signalled the Start of the Black sea that! Been left helpless and exposed with their spear being nearly useless not every...

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